It does not matter if it is spring, summer, fall or winter, home fires happen daily. It could start from faulty electrical, something flammable near a water heater, a gas leak not caught in time, negligence or cooking. The point is, fires happen! What you do from here could help prevent the loss of a loved one or your own life. Please help us spread the word.
Fire is Fast! In less than 30 seconds, a small flame can turn into a major fire. It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to fill a house or for it to be engulfed in flames.
Fire is Hot! Heat is more threatening than flames. Room temperatures in a fire can be 100 degrees at the floor level and rise up to 600 degrees at eye level. Inhaling this super-hot air will scorch your lungs and melt your clothes to your skin.
Fire is Dark! Fire starts bright but quickly produces black smoke and complete darkness.
Fire is Deadly! Smoke and toxic gases kill more people than flames do. Fire produces poisonous gases that make you disoriented and drowsy. Asphyxiation is the leading cause of fire deaths, exceeding burns by a three-to-one ratio.
Cooking Equipment is the number one cause of home fires, followed by heating equipment. 25% of fires start in a bedroom and 25% start in the living room, family room or den. Over half of home fires were reported between the times of 11 PM and 7 AM. Between 2010-1024, roughly 1 out of every 338 households reported a home fire per year.
In 2015, U.S. fire departments responded to 365,500 home structure fires, which caused 2,560 deaths, 11,075 civilian injuries and $7 billion in direct damages. On average, 7 people die in U.S. home fires each day. Most fatal fires kill 1-2 people.
According to the National Fire Protection Association in 2008, almost 2 out of every 3 home fire deaths resulted from fires in properties that lacked a functioning smoke alarm. In addition, smoke alarms that do not work outnumber the households with no alarms at all by a substantial margin.
When was the last time your smoke alarm was critically checked using a proper smoke test to see if it actually works? This does not include lighting a match and blowing it out using the smoke as some of our clients have told us. Pushing the button does ensure the battery and button work, but what if the alarm has a bad sensor, or an insect has decided to nest within the alarm? Please contact Code Red Heart for more info on how to prevent a loss or bodily injury due to a malfunctioning alarm.
Cooking equipment is the leading cause of home fires. 2 out of every 5 (43%) of home fires start in the kitchen. Frying foods is the leading activity along with unattended cooking. Over 60% of home fires start by ignition of food or other cooking materials. Range fires, or open burners, account for approximately 62%, Oven fires account for only 13% on average.
The U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated yearly average of 166,100 home coking related fires with 480 civilian deaths, 5,540 civilian injuries and $1.1 billion in direct damages between 2010-2014.
Heating equipment is the second leading cause of home fires, fire deaths and fire injuries. The leading factor contributing to heating equipment fires was a failure to clean the unit. Over 56% of home heating fires started by having things that can burn, such as furniture, clothing, mattresses or bedding to close to the heating equipment. Portable or fixed space heaters, including wood stoves, were involved in 40% of home heating fires and accounted for 84% of home heating deaths.
Most homes should have on hand an ABC rated extinguisher. Portable fire extinguishers MUST be located within 75 feet of travel of all areas of the living unit, and on each floor. One must be installed in all garages or work shops areas. The rating for each MUST be at least 2A:10B:C. What does this mean?
The "A" rating are effective for trash, wood and paper fires. "A" Ratings represent the equivalence of chemical to gallons of water. For a 1A extinguisher, this is equivalent to 1.25 gallons of water. For a 2A extinguisher, this is equal to 2.5 gallons of water etc.
The "B" rating are effective for flammable liquid fires. The number is equal to the square footage that the extinguisher can cover, handled by a professional. 10 B:C = 10 square feet of coverage.
The "C" rating are effective for electrical equipment.
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